A disorder that affects the eyes' ability to make up and down movements. It rises from lesions involving dorsal midbrain structures such as trauma, inflammation, infarction, bleeding, infection, tumors, arteriovenous malformations, demyelination and hydrocephalus. The most frequent causes are ischemic infarction, brainstem hemorrhage and pineal region tumors. The condition is more prevalent in older people.

Also Known As

  • Parinaud-Koerber-Salus-Elschnig Syndrome
  • Parinaud's Syndrome
  • Sylvian Aqueduct Syndrome
  • Pretectal Syndrome
  • Koerber-Salus-Elschnig Syndrome