Damage to the macula often due to diabetic macular edema, where fluid builds up on the macula. It can arise from retinopathy, where high blood sugar levels cause damage to retinal blood vessels. These vessels can swell, leak and block blood flow, consequently affecting vision. The three types of diabetic maculopathy are focal (exudative), diffuse (edematous), and ischemic.
Also Known As
- Mild None-Proliferative Retinopathy
- Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR)