A disorder that causes unilateral visual impairment because of subretinal fluid buildup. It is often a self-limiting disease and predominantly affects men between the age of 20 and 50. Fluid accumulation beneath the central macula is caused by leakage from the choriocapillaris into the area between the retinal pigment epithelium and the retina. It causes distorted vision, and the reduced visual acuity can linger even after the fluid drains out.