Vladimir Petrovich Filatov (Ukraine) founded The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy, which became a leading institute for eye care in the world.
His contributions include corneal transplantation, preservation of grafts from cadaver eyes, and the tube flap grafting method. He attempted his first corneal transplantation (which failed) February 28, 1912.
After many attempts, Filatov achieved a successful transplant on May 6, 1931. He was also credited with restoring Vasily Zaytsev's sight after an injury to his eyes from a mortar attack during Battle of Stalingrad in 1943.