You need to take care of your eye health by eating a healthy, balanced diet, staying active, avoiding smoking, and wearing protective sunglasses. You can also maintain healthy eyes by wearing protective eyewear, resting your eyes, knowing your family medical history, and observing proper care and hygiene for those who wear contact lenses. It is important to get regular comprehensive dilated eye examinations as directed by your eye care specialist. A routine examination can help unearth eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy.